[F] = Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sex / Gender: Biology in a Social World. Routledge, 2012. ISBN: 9780415881463. [Preview with Google Books]

[G] = Gordis, Leon. Epidemiology. 5th ed. Saunders, 2013. ISBN: 9781455737338. [Preview with Google Books]

[H] = Hennekens, Charles H., and Julie E. Buring. Epidemiology in Medicine. Little, Brown, and Company, 1987. ISBN: 9780316356367. [Preview with Google Books]

[J] = Jacob, Krista, ed. Abortion Under Attack: Women on the Challenges Facing Choice. Seal Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781580051859.

[JA] = Jaggar, Alison M. Just Methods: An Interdisciplinary Feminist Reader. Routledge, 2008. ISBN: 9781594512049.

[JO] = Jordan, Brigitte. Birth in Four Cultures: A Crosscultural Investigation of Childbirth in Yucatan, Holland, Sweden, and the United States. 4th ed. Revised and expanded by Robbie Davis-floyd. Waveland Press Incorporated, 1992. ISBN: 9780881337174. [Preview with Google Books]

[L] = Luker, Kristin. Abortion & the Politics of Motherhood. University of California Press, 1985. ISBN: 9780520055971. [Preview with Google Books]

[M] = Martin, Emily. The Woman in the Body: A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction. Beacon Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780807046456.

[W] = Washington, Harriet A. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. Anchor, 2008. ISBN: 9780767915472.

[WA] = Watkins, Elizabeth Siegel. On the Pill: A Social History of Oral Contraceptives, 1950–1970 . The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780801858765.

1 Biology, History, and Conceptual Frameworks

Doyal, Lesley. "Sex, Gender, and Health: The Need for a New Approach." British Medical Journal 323, no. 7320 (2001): 1061–63.

Krieger, N. "A Glossary for Social Epidemiology." Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 55, no. 10 (2001): 693–700.

[F] Chapter 1: A Genderless Future?

[F] Chapter 2: Of Spirals and Layers.

[F] Chapter 8: Pink And Blue Forever.

[F] Chapter 9: The Developmental Dynamics of Pink and Blue.

Optional (further detail on epidemiology)

[H] Chapter 1: Definition and Background.

2 Cardiovascular Disease and Hormone Therapy

Johnson, Paula A. MD, MPH, and Rachael S. Fulp, MPH. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Coronary Heart Disease in Women; Prevention, Treatment, and Needed Interventions." Women's Health Issues 12, no. 5 (2002): 252–71.


Grodstein, Francine, ScD, JoAnn E. Manson, MD, et al. "A Prospective, Observational Study Of Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease." Annals of Internal Medicine 133, no. 12 (2000): 933–41.

Writing Group for the Women's Health Investigators. "Risks And Benefits of Estrogen Plus Progestin in Healthy Postmenopausal Women." The Journal of the American Medical Association 288, no. 3 (2002): 321–33.

Optional (further detail on study designs)

[H] Chapter 2: Design Strategies in Epidemiologic Research.

[H] Chapter 5: Descriptive Studies.

3 Gender Analysis

Krieger, Nancy. "Genders, Sexes, and Health: What Are the Connections—and Why Does It Matter?" International Journal of Epidemiology 32, no. 4 (2003): 652–57.

Optional (further detail about measures of association)

[G] Chapter 3: The Occurrence of Disease: I. Disease Surveillance and Measures of Morbidity.

[G] Chapter 4: The Occurrence of Disease: II. Mortality and Other Measures of Disease Impact.

[G] Chapter 11: Estimating Risk: Is There an Association?

[G] Chapter 12: More on Risk: Estimating the Potential for Prevention.

Optional (further research method examples)

[H] Chapter 4: Measures of Disease Frequency and Association.


[JA] pp. 105–90.

4 Pregnancy and Birth

[M] Chapter 4: Medical Metaphors of Women's Bodies: Birth.

[JO] Chapter 6: The Achievement of Authoritative Knowledge in an American Hospital Birth.

Geronimus, Arline T. "Black / White Differences in the Relationship of Maternal Age to Birthweight: A Population–Based Test of the Weathering Hypothesis." Social Science & Medicine 42, no. 4 (1996): 589–97.

Optional (further detail on trials)

[H] Chapter 8: Intervention Studies.

5 Sexually Transmitted Infections

Higgins, Jenny A., PhD, MPH, Susie Hoffman, et al. "Rethinking Gender, Heterosexual Men, and Women's Vulnerability To HIV / AIDS." American Journal of Public Health 100, no. 3 (2010): 435–45.

Fisher, Joslyn W., MD, MPH, and Susan I. Brundage MD, MPH. "The Challenge of Eliminating Cervical Cancer in the United States: A Story of Politics, Prudishness, and Prevention." Women & Health 49, no. 2–3 (2009): 246–61.

Haug, Charlotte MD, PhD, MSc. "The Risks and Benefits of HPV Vaccination." The Journal of the American Medical Association 302, no. 7 (2009): 795–96.

Adams, M., B. Jasani, et al. "Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Prophylactic Vaccination: Challenges for Public Health and Implications for Screening." Vaccine 25, no. 16 (2007): 3007–13.

Vohra, Sameer. "To Vaccinate or Not to Vaccinate: The Story of Hamilton, Columbia." Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University.

6 Abortion

[G] Chapter 9: Cohort Studies.

[L] Chapter 5: Women and the Right to Abortion.

[J] Higgins, Jenny. Chapter 2: Sex, Unintended Pregnancy, And Poverty: One Woman's Evolution from 'Choice' to 'Reproductive Justice'.

Rosenfield, Allan, and Deborah Maine. "Maternal Morality–A Neglected Tragedy: Where is the M in MCH?" The Lancet 326, no. 8446 (1985): 83–85.

Starrs, Ann M. "Safe Motherhood Initiative: 20 Years and Counting." The Lancet 368, no. 9542 (2006): 1130–32.

Optional (further detail on cohort studies)

[H] Chapter 7: Cohort Studies.

Optional (further detail on bias and confounding)

[H] Chapter 11: Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies: Evaluating the Role of Bias.

[H] Chapter 12: Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies: Evaluating the Role of Confounding.

7 Sexual Orientation

[F] Chapter 6: Thinking About Homosexuality.

Young, Rebecca M., PhD, and Ilan H. Meyer, PhD. "The Trouble with 'MSM' And 'WSW': Erasure of the Sexual–Minority Person in Public Health Discourse." American Journal of Public Health 95, no. 7 (2005): 1144–49.

8 Gender Identity and Expression

[H] Chapter 6: Case-Control Studies.

[F] Chapter 5: Am I a Boy or a Girl?–The Emergence of Gender Identity.

Fausto–Sterling, Anne. "The Five Sexes, Revisited." The Sciences 40, no. 4 (2000): 19–23.

Moynihan, Clare. "Theories in Health Care and Research: Theories of Masculinity." British Medical Journal 317, no. 7165 (1998): 1072–75.

Optional (further detail about case-control studies)

[G] Chapter 10: Case-Control and Other Study Designs.

9 Contraceptives

[W] Chapter 8: The Black Stork–The Eugenic Control of African American Reproduction.

[WA] Chapter 4: Debating the Safety of the Pill, pp. 73–80.


[WA] Chapter 3: Sex, Population, and the Pill.

[WA] Chapter 4: Debating the Safety of the Pill, pp. 102–81.

[WA] Chapter 5: Oral Contraceptives and Informed Consent.

10 Mental Health and Sex–Based Research

[F] Chapter 10: Epilogue – The Future of Gender (And Sex).

Richardson, Sarah S. "Sexing the X: How the X Became the 'Female Chromosome." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 37, no. 4 (2012): 909–33.

Saltonstall, Robin. "Healthy Bodies, Social Bodies: Men's and Women's Concepts and Practices of Health In Everyday Life." Social Science & Medicine 36, no. 1 (1993): 7–14.

Cayleff, Susan E. "'Prisoners Of their Own Feebleness': Women, Nerves and Western Medicine—A Historical Overview." Social Science & Medicine 26, no. 12 (1988): 1199–208.

Zita, Jacquelyn N. "The Premenstrual Syndrome: 'Dis–easing' the Female Cycle." Hypatia 3, no. 1 (1988): 77–99.


[F] Chapter 3: Of Molecules and Sex.

[F] Chapter 4: Of Hormones and Brains.

11 Final Project Presentations No readings assigned
12 Final Project Presentations No readings assigned